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期刊类别:纯教育、G4
国际标准刊号 ISSN 2095-3089
国内统一刊号 CN15-1362/G4
邮发代号:16-129
出版日期:每月25日

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作者:余蕊寒
  【中圖分类号】H31 【文献标识码】A 【文章编号】2095-3089(2018)17-0090-01
  Introduction: Newman?蒺s The Idea of a University is the first work to explore liberal education systematically and completely. The paper discusses Newman?蒺s ideas of the Ideal of a University from the perspective of university autonomy and being free from interference of religious authority to gain inspirations for challenges to liberal education of Chinese higher educational institutions.
  John Henry Cardinal Newman (1801-1890) was one of the most influential authors of the nineteenth century. During his years as rector, he delivered and published a series of lectures titled The Idea of a University which remains a classic work on university education.In his lectures, one of Newman?蒺s most important claims is that the Idea of a University is to be determined without recourse to the authority of the Church, or any authority at all.
  In modern China, how to immunize universities from authority interference to achieve intellectual autonomy becomes one of the biggest challenge for Chinese higher educational institutes.
  For Newman, the ideal university is a community of thinkers, engaging in intellectual pursuits not for any external purpose. In order to achieve this liberal education, the university had to preserve its intellectual autonomy so that he holds the view that universities should be entirely free of religious interference, putting forward a secular, pluralist and inclusive ideal.
  John Henry Newman’s the Idea of a University was written in the 19th century when the universities then were bearing little resemblance to any modern university. However, his ideas can still inspire Chinese universities and has contemporary value on Chinese higher education institutions.
  Today the problem of interference of church authorities in 19th century of Britain is replaced by the interference of government authorities which define the higher education system and hinder universities substantially from owning autonomy in China.
  The higher educational system in China is highly affected by its administrative system. The undue bureaucratization and unnecessary administrative intervention have become a major factor constraining the development and reform of higher education. The fact is currently all Chinese public universities are assigned an administrative rank which judge or evaluate how good or prestigious a university is; University officials are managed by the Party. They are first and foremost bureaucrats rather than educators. They are appointed, promoted, and even evaluated as bureaucrats; China’s universities are similar to government departments in terms of institutional layout and personnel system.

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国际标准刊号:ISSN2095-3089,国内统一刊号CN15-1362/G4